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Posts Tagged ‘wage and hour class action’

A key trend in employment-related class actions these days is a surge in lawsuits alleging that employers have violated wage and hour or employee benefits laws by misclassifying employees as independent contractors.  BakerHostetler Partner Todd Lebowitz has authored an excellent white paper on the subject, titled Independent Contractor Misclassification, 2016 Legal Analysis.  The paper details the analytical framework by which a particular worker is properly classified as employee or independent contractor and discusses the potential legal and regulatory implications arising from an employer’s misclassification of workers.  To download the paper, CLICK HERE.

 

 

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I’m late for my Inns of Court dinner, so time does not permit me to elaborate in detail, but I wanted to point out two recent class action-related reports of note.  Be sure to check them out.

1) Seyfarth Shaw’s Seventh Annual Workplace Class Action Litigation Report.

2) Cornerstone Research, Securities Class Action Filings, 2010 Year in Review.

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It’s back!  We can’t promise that it will appear weekly, so we changed the name to Class Action Blogosphere “Periodic” Review.  But, as always, we have combed through our favorite blogs and news feeds to bring our readers up to speed on a some of the notable developments in class action news.

The End of Consumer Class Actions as We Know Them?

One story is, by far, the biggest news in the class action world.  Today, the U.S. Supreme Court will hear argument in the case of AT&T Mobility Services v. Concepcion.  The key issue is whether class action exemptions in consumer contracts are enforceable even when state contract law bars such exemptions.  AT&T argues that the Federal Arbitration Act preempts state contract law.  Thus, if a class action exemption is tied to an arbitration clause it is enforceable despite contrary law at the state level.  For an accessible read, check out Brian T. Fitzpatrick’s story in the San Francisco Chronicle…

http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2010/11/06/INA41G6I3I.DTL

… and see also

All Writs Act Better than Collateral Estoppel

Class action defense lawyers may have a new tool to use against copycat class actions; particularly those involving plaintiffs’ lawyers who attempt to extort settlements through threat of discovery.  It’s called the All Writs Act.  It was used by Judge Posner in the Seventh Circuit to grant an injunction blocking a copycat class action in another jurisdiction.  The case is called Thorogood v. Sears, Roebuck & Co.  For more information check out Andrew Trask’s November 10 post on Class Action Countermeasures.  Judge Posner even cites Trask’s new book, The Class Action Playbook.  (See CAB Review of the book here).

http://www.classactioncountermeasures.com/2010/11/articles/discovery/using-the-all-writs-act-to-block-copycat-class-actions/

For a slightly different take on Posner’s decision, read Russell Jackson’s post on Consumer Class Actions & Mass Torts.

http://www.consumerclassactionsmasstorts.com/2010/11/articles/predominance-1/7th-circuit-enjoins-relitigation-of-denial-of-class-certification/

Motion to Dismiss + Discovery = Motion Granted?

The Rule 12(b)(6) Motion to Dismiss can sometimes feel like a mini-motion for summary judgment.  Over the years, courts have been more willing to consider information beyond merely the pleadings including documents that are referenced by plaintiffs and central to their claims.  Anything more is supposed to convert the motion to dismiss into a motion for summary judgment, right?  Maybe not.  One court has apparently permitted discovery in the context of a Rule 12 Motion to dismiss.  Get the story in a post titled Preemption, Pleading & Rule 11 at Drug and Device Law.

http://druganddevicelaw.blogspot.com/2010/11/preemption-pleading-rule-11.html

Big Changes Coming for Rule 26 and Expert Witnesses

The communications between attorneys and their expert witnesses are currently discoverable in federal court. Not for long.  Federal Rule 26 is about to change in a way that will protect certain communications between counsel and expert.  The rule change will also extend work product protection to the draft reports of experts.  Check out the latest post in the North Carolina Business Litigation Report.

http://www.ncbusinesslitigationreport.com/2010/11/articles/discovery-1/work-product-protection-for-communications-between-lawyers-and-expert-witnesses-coming-next-month-under-revised-federal-rules-of-civil-procedure/

Hooters Waitresses Have no Class … Action?

Always read the fine print.  According to the Washington Post, whatever the Supreme Court decides in AT&T Mobility Services vs. Concepcion may have ramifications for a class of waitresses trying to sue Hooters.  You see, the job application has an arbitration clause that bars lawsuits.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/11/05/AR2010110507318.html?hpid=moreheadlines

Oppress Me, Please

Professor James C. Morton reports on a Canadian decision allowing class certification of a case seeking the remedy of “oppression” in his blog, Morton’s Musings.  Doesn’t sound like a very pleasant  remedy to us, but they march to the beat of their own drummer north of the border.

http://jmortonmusings.blogspot.com/2010/11/oppression-remedy-properly-sought-in.html

You Mean to Tell Me that Fast Food Makes you Fat!?

Sean P. Wajert of Mass Tort Defense reports on a recent decision denying class certification to a plaintiff seeking to hold a fast food chain responsible for allegedly misleading consumers into thinking that its fare poses no health risks.

http://www.masstortdefense.com/2010/11/articles/class-action-alleging-false-food-ads-rejected/

Securities Class Action Filings Down

As reported in the Conference Board’s Governance Center Blog by guest contributor Anthony Galban, Sr. V.P. of Chubb & Son, securities class action filings are down significantly in 2010.

http://tcbblogs.org/governance/2010/11/04/guest-contributor-securities-class-action-filings-are-down-but-will-the-trend-continue/

Hot Pockets are Fast and Tasty

Greg Mersol of Baker Hostetler’s new Employment Class Action Blog reports on the latest in a series of California decisions denying class certification in a wage and hour case seeking to hold an employer liable for not ensuring that its employees to take meal breaks.

http://www.employmentclassactionreport.com/class-action/another-court-denies-certification-of-a-california-meal-break-class/

Describe that Class for Me Again?

The Complex Litigator‘s H. Scott Leviant reviews a recent California Court of Appeal decision holding that class certification was not appropriate because the proposed class was not ascertainable.

http://www.thecomplexlitigator.com/post-data/2010/11/1/in-sevidal-v-target-corporation-an-unascertainable-class-doo.html

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I’m excited to announce that the Colorado Bar Association Class Actions subsection is teaming up with the Labor & Employment Law Section to bring you CLE luncheon entitled: A Primer on Employment “Class Action” Litigation: Class Actions, Collective Actions, and EEOC Enforcement.  If you are interested in attending, please send me an email at pkarlsgodt@bakerlaw.com.
 
Date and Time: November 22, 2010 at 12:00 noon
Location: Holland & Hart LLP, 555 17th St, Ste 3200, Denver, CO 80202 
 
Summary:
 
Employment and labor law is one of the hottest areas of class action litigation these days.  But the term “employment class action” is often used to describe cases involving a variety of procedures, of which the Rule 23 is only one.  This program will explore the different mechanisms that may used to resolve mass employment litigation and the differences and interplay between class actions, collective actions, and EEOC enforcement actions.
 
Faculty:
 
Steven Moore is the Managing Shareholder of the Denver office of Ogletree Deakins, one of the nation’s leading labor and employment law firms.  Mr. Moore will discuss the interplay between Rule 23 class actions in employment cases and other collective action procedures, such as the opt-in procedure applicable to cases under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA).
 
Stephanie Struble is a Trial Attorney with the Equal Opportunity Employment Commission (EEOC) in Denver.  Ms. Struble will discuss the role of the EEOC and private litigants in cases involving an alleged pattern or practice of employment discrimination.

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CABWR is finally back after a three week holiday hiatus!  Here are some blog posts from the week that was that might be of interest to class action practitioners:

Class Action Decisions

CAFA Law Blog discusses a Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals decision addressing jurisdiction under the Class Action Fairness Act (CAFA) before reversing class certification in a case alleging violations of the federal Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA):

Class Action Defense Blog summarizes a California appellate court decision reversing a trial court’s decision to deny certification after concluding that it would be necessary to make a determination on the merits to ascertain class members and evaluate numerosity:

http://classactiondefense.jmbm.com/2009/01/class_action_defense_cases_gha.html

Classified comments on a Florida decision upholding a class certification order where the lack of a hearing transcript left the appellate court with no way to analyze the evidence considered by the trial court in reaching its decision:

http://www.carltonfields.com/classactionblog/blog.aspx?entry=246

Folo comments on an opinion by Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals Judge Richard Posner, who has some harsh words for attorneys for objectors to a class action settlement who sought an attorney fee award for what the Judge did not consider a significant contribution to the outcome of the case:

http://www.folo.us/2008/12/30/this-case-is-finito/

The UCL Practitioner summarizes a Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals decision discussing the removability under CAFA of securities class actions filed under section 22(a) of the Securities Act of 1933:

http://www.uclpractitioner.com/2009/01/7th-circuit-makes-it-harder-for-plaintiffs-to-keep-securities-class-actions-in-state-court.html

Class Action Trends

Drug and Device Law Blog discusses the phenomena of “global coordinating counsel” and its rise from marketing ploy to reality as class action and related procedures become more developed around the world:

http://druganddevicelaw.blogspot.com/2009/01/new-meaning-of-global-coordinating.html

Mass Tort Litigation Blog discusses the “multi-faceted” nature of mass tort litigation in an article that includes a discussion of federal judge Jack Weinstein treating MDL litigation and settlement of pharmaceutical products liability claims as a “quasi-class action”:

http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/mass_tort_litigation/2009/01/todays-14-billi.html

Securities Docket summarizes a Manhattan Institute report on a trend in Louisiana public pension funds serving as lead plaintiffs in securities class actions:

http://www.securitiesdocket.com/2008/12/28/manhattan-institute-finds-la-pension-funds-most-active-lead-plaintiffs-in-securities-cases/

The D&O Diary summarizes the year in securities litigation from 2008…

http://www.dandodiary.com/2009/01/articles/securities-litigation/a-closer-look-at-the-2008-securities-lawsuits/

… and The Race to the Bottom offers observations about the modest nature of the increase in securities class actions in light of the financial crisis:

http://www.theracetothebottom.org/home/the-trend-in-securities-class-action-lawsuits.html

The Daily Insurer discusses a recent report by Seyfert Shaw LLP summarizing trends in employment class action litigation:

http://dailyinsurer.blogspot.com/2009/01/class-action-litigation-analyzed-in-new.html

Class Action Commentary

Point of Law provides an abstract of a student note by James McDonald in Duke Law Journal entitled “Milberg’s Monopoly: Restoring Honesty and Competition to the Plaintiffs’ Bar”:

http://www.pointoflaw.com/archives/2009/01/milbergs-monopo.php

Wage Law discusses claims-made settlements and reversions in wage and hour class actions and whether unclaimed funds escheat to the state:

http://www.californiawagelaw.com/wage_law/2009/01/more-on-reversions-and-claims-made-settlements.html

Pro Football Talk comments on the facts of a class action filed on behalf of retired players against the NFL Players’ Association for for breach of fiduciary duty, which was recently tried to a jury verdict in the retirees’ favor:

http://www.profootballtalk.com/2009/01/13/ruling-in-nflpa-class-action-sheds-light-on-what-the-union-did-allegedly-to-retired-players/

Class Action News

The Complex Litigator reports on the California Supreme Court’s decision to grant review in the wage and hour class action Brinkley v. Public Storage, Inc., Sup. Ct. Case No. S168806:

http://www.thecomplexlitigator.com/2009/01/breaking-news-review-granted-in-brinkley-v-public-storage-inc.html

Class Action Previews. Predictions, and Hopes for 2009

North Carolina Business Litigation Report previews the year ahead for the North Carolina Business Court, including a discussion of class actions:

http://www.ncbusinesslitigationreport.com/2009/01/articles/watching-the-court/the-year-ahead-in-the-north-carolina-business-court/

New look Overlawyered has a post proposing a good idea for a consumer class action that it’s author predicts will be filed by some plaintiffs’ firm in 2009:

http://overlawyered.com/2008/12/a-prediction-for-2009/

Law and More has hopes for “juicy corporate class action litigation” in 2009:

http://lawandmore.typepad.com/law_and_more/2009/01/needed-juicy-corporate-classaction-litigation.html

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As the new year approaches, everyone seems to be doing a “top ten” list for 2008, so of course, ClassActionBlawg has to have one too.  However, this “top ten” list has two improvements.  First, the rankings will be decided by reader vote.  Second, and even better, it goes to 11!

So, here are some key class action decisions and trends from the year that was, in no particular order.  See the poll below to vote for the one you like best.  Feel free to submit comments with other suggestions, and maybe together we can make a top ten list so good that it will go higher than 11.  Best wishes to all in 2009.

  • RICO fraud class actions show promise after Supreme Court’s decision in Bridge v. Phoenix Bond & Indemnity Co., 553 U.S.. —. , 128 S.Ct. 2131 (U.S. June 9, 2008) (holding that a plaintiff need not show first-party reliance in order to assert a claim under the federal RICO statute).
  • “Foreign Cubed” class actions show promise, then sputter a bit.  See Morrison v. National Australia Bank Ltd., 2008 WL 4660742 (2d Cir. Oct. 23, 2008) (discussing federal jurisdiction over “foreign cubed” securities class actions).
  • Fraud on the market theories are tested in consumer fraud cases.  See McLaughlin v. Philip Morris USA, Inc., 522 F.3d 215 (2d Cir. 2008) (rejecting class certification on various consumer fraud theories, including the “fraud on the market theory”).
  • Courts reject certification of FACTA Class Actions on superiority grounds based on reasoning that class exposure would be grossly disproportionate to the alleged harm to consumers.  See, e.g., this recent California federal court decision summarized at Class Action Defense Blog.
  • California courts address certification of wage and hour class actions involving unpaid wages for time worked during meal and rest breaksSee Brinker Restaurant Corp. v. Superior Court (2008), 165 Cal. App. 4th 25, review granted (Oct. 22, 2008).
  • Truth in Lending Act (TILA) actions seeking rescission of mortgages due to alleged predatory lending deemed unsuitable for class treatment.  See Andrews v. Chevy Chase Bank, No. 07-1327 (7th Cir., Sept. 24, 2008)
  • Class actions for damages caused by pollution where defendant has complied with applicable regulations see mixed results in the U.S. and Canada.
  • The Second Circuit Court of Appeals holds that a preponderance of the evidence standard of proof applies in determining whether the elements of class certification have been satisfied in Teamsters Local 445 Freight Division Pension Fund v. Bombardier, Inc., Case No. 06-3794-cv (2d Cir. Oct. 14, 2008).
  • Italy’s new class action law takes effect, while other European countries consider class action reforms.
  • Class action scandals involving illegal kickback and bribery schemes result in prison sentences for class action lawyers Melvin Weiss, William Lerach, Dickie Scruggs and others.
  • The Supreme Court rejects “scheme liability” in securities fraud cases in Stoneridge Inv. Partners, LLC v. Scientific-Atlanta, Inc., 128 S. Ct. 761 (2008)

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Baker Hostetler’s Employment and Labor Group issued an Executive Alert today on the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals’ wage and hour decision in Sullivan et al. v. Oracle Corporation, (case no. 06-56649), where the court found that California state overtime rules apply to non-residents who perform work in California.  The group has this to say about the potential impacts of the decision on employers:

  • If an employee performs work in California, the overtime provisions of the California Labor Code apply to that employee, regardless of the employee’s state of domicile.
  • In light of this holding, it is likely that a non-resident employee who works in California is also subject to the California Labor Code regarding meal periods, rest periods, leave, termination, vacation pay and all other employment matters.

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